Anyone, other than a member of the U.S. armed forces or the U.S.
Congress, who maintains a place of abode (i.e., home) or were physically present in Virginia for a total of more than 183 days of the taxable year is an actual resident of Virginia, even if your permanent home is in another state.
This category often includes students who are domiciliary residents of another state while attending college in Virginia or the spouses* and dependents of members of the U.S. armed forces stationed in Virginia. Although this residency classification does not apply to members of the U.S. Congress, it does apply to members of their families and staffs.
*The spouse of a military service member may be exempt from Virginia individual income tax on income from services performed in Virginia if (i) the service member is present in Virginia in compliance with military orders; (ii) the spouse is in Virginia solely to be with the service member; and (iii) they both maintain domicile in another state that is the same for both spouses. For more information, see Tax Bulletin 09-10 and Tax Bulletin 10-1 which are available on the Department's website at tax.virginia.gov .