Questions & Answers

What is a qualifying relative?

If your dependent is a qualifying child, then they are not a qualifying relative. Most dependents are defined as a qualifying child. The short definition of a qualifying child is a child who is your relative who is under age 19 (or age 24 if a student).

A qualifying relative is someone who does not meet the definition of a qualifying child and who meets the following criteria:

  1. The dependent must be your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, grandchild, brother, sister, half brother, half sister, niece, nephew, father, mother, grandmother, grandfather, great-grandparent, aunt, uncle, stepbrother, stepsister, stepfather, stepmother, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, father-in-law, mother-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, or any other person other than your spouse who lived with you all year as a member of your household.
  2. The dependent must have had a gross income of less than $4,300 during 2020.
  3. You and one or more other eligible persons together must have paid over half the dependent's support.

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