Questions & Answers

Who is a qualifying child?

A qualifying child is a child who meets the following tests:

  • Relation - The child must be your son, daughter, adopted child, stepchild, foster child, brother, sister, half brother, half sister, step brother, step sister, or a descendant of any of them (such as a grandchild, niece, or nephew)
  • Age - The child must be under age 19 (under 24 if a student) and younger that you (or your spouse) or permanently and totally disabled
  • Residency - The child must have lived with you over half the year (exceptions for divorced or separated parents, see IRS Publication 501)
  • Support - The child must not have provided more than half his or her own support
  • Joint Return - The child must not be filing a joint return (unless the return is only to claim a refund of withheld income tax or estimated tax paid)
See IRS Publication 501  for more information, exceptions and examples.

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