Multiple Support Declaration (Form 2120)

This form is rarely needed. You only need to do a Multiple Support Declaration if you are claiming someone other than a qualifying child as a dependent and there are two or more people including yourself who provide support for the dependent.

If you have a regular dependent (qualifying child) such as your son or daughter under age 19, you don't need to file the Form 2120. The definition of a qualifying child is a child who is your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, brother, sister, stepbrother, or a descendant of any of them (such as a grandchild, niece, or nephew) who was under age 19 at the end of 2014, under age 24 and a student, or any age and permanently and totally disabled, who didn't provide over half of his or her own support for 2014.

What is a qualifying relative?

If your dependent is a qualifying child, then they are not a qualifying relative. Most dependents are defined as a qualifying child. The short definition of a qualifying child is a child who is your relative who is under age 19 (or age 24 if a student).

A qualifying relative is someone who does not meet the definition of a qualifying child and who meets the following criteria:

Is your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, grandchild, brother, sister, niece, nephew, father, mother, grandmother, grandfather, great-grandparent, aunt, uncle, stepbrother, stepsister, stepfather, stepmother, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, father-in-law, mother-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, or any other person other than your spouse who lived with you all year as a member of your household. The dependent must have had a gross income of less than $3,950 during 2014. You and one or more other eligible persons together must have paid over half the dependent's support.

Claiming a qualifying relative

Generally, to claim a person as a qualifying relative, you must pay over half that person's support. However, even if you didn't meet this support test, you may be able to claim him or her as a dependent if all of the following apply:
  • You and one or more other eligible person(s) together paid over half that person's support.
  • You paid over 10% of the support.
  • No one alone paid over half of that person's support.
  • The other dependency tests are met.
  • Each other eligible person who paid over 10% of the support agrees not to claim the person as a dependent by giving you a signed statement.

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