New York State Tax Help
The credit amount equals $.01 per gallon for each percent of biodiesel included in the bioheat, not to exceed $.20 per gallon. To substantiate how the credit was computed, taxpayers should keep copies of all invoices or bills from the supplier(s) that include all the following:
- Date of purchase
- Number of gallons of bioheat purchased
- The percentage of biodiesel included in the bioheat
Note: The percentage of biodiesel included in the bioheat is the number or numbers preceded by the letter B in the bioheat designation. For example, bioheat designated B5 contains 5% biodiesel.
The credit is claimed for the tax year in which the bioheat is purchased.
If the solar energy system equipment produces electricity, you must enter into a net energy metering contract with your electric corporation or comply with the electric corporation's net energy metering schedule before you can qualify for the credit. The completed solar energy system equipment must also be connected to the electric corporation's transmission and distribution facility. Other conditions and limitations set by the electric company may also apply. You should contact your electric company for more information before you purchase your equipment.
In the case of a cooperative housing corporation or a condominium, a percentage of the qualified solar energy system equipment expenditures may be attributed to each unit within the building. This information should be provided to each tenant-shareholder or condominium owner by the cooperative housing corporation or condominium management association.
In the case of a solar energy system equipment power purchase agreement or lease, no credit is allowed after the 15th year for a power purchase agreement or lease that exceeds 15 years in duration.
If your credit is greater than the amount of tax you owe, the balance will not be refunded to you. However, any credit amount in excess of the tax due can be carried over for a maximum of up to five years.
Solar energy system equipment means an arrangement or combination of components utilizing solar radiation, which, when installed in a residence, produces energy designed to provide heating, cooling, hot water, or electricity. The arrangement or components do not include equipment connected to solar energy system equipment that is a component of part or parts of a nonsolar energy system or which uses any sort of recreational facility or equipment as a storage medium. Solar energy system equipment that generates electricity for use in a residence must conform to the applicable requirements in Public Service Law section 66-j. However, if the solar energy system is installed by a condominium management association or a cooperative housing corporation, the rated capacity of the system cannot exceed fifty kilowatts (50,000 watts).
Principal residence means the home where you and your family live most of the time. A summer or vacation home does not qualify. Your principal residence can be a house, whether owned or rented, a mobile home, cooperative apartment, or condominium. If you move from one principal residence to another principal residence in New York State, a separate credit is allowed for each principal residence. You must have incurred the costs at the time the residence is your principal residence, and you must file separate Forms IT‑255 to compute your allowable credit for each principal residence.
If you are a tenant-shareholder in a cooperative housing corporation or condominium owner, the amount to enter in column B is your share of the expenditures incurred, or payments made, by the cooperative housing corporation or condominium management association. This information should be provided to you by the cooperative housing corporation or condominium management association.
- You must be a full-year New York state resident
- You are at least 18 years of age
- You are a parent of a minor child (or children) with whom you do not reside
- You have an order in effect for at least one half of the tax year requiring you to make child support payments payable through a Support Collection Unit pursuant to Social Service Law section 111(h)
- You have paid an amount in child support in 2013 at least equal to the amount of child support you were required to pay by all court orders.
- You are a member of the NYS and Local Retirement Systems, which include the NYS Employees Retirement System and the NYS Police and Fire Retirement System.
- You are a member of the NYS Teachers Retirement System.
- You are an employee of the State or City University of New York who belongs to the Optional Retirement Program.
- You are a member of the NYC Employees Retirement System, the NYC Teachers Retirement System, the NYC Board of Education Retirement System, the NYC Police Pension Fund, or the NYC Fire Department Pension Fund
- You are a member of the Manhattan and Bronx Surface Transit Operating Authority (MABSTOA) Pension Plan.
- periodic payments for services you performed as an employee before you retired;
- periodic and lump-sum payments from an IRA, but not payments derived from contributions made after you retired;
- periodic distributions from government (IRC section 457) deferred compensation plans;
- periodic distributions from an annuity contract (IRC section 403(b)) purchased by an employer for an employee and the employer is a corporation, community chest, fund, foundation, or public school;
- periodic payments from an HR-10 (Keogh) plan, but not payments derived from contributions made after you retired;
- lump-sum payments from an HR-10 (Keogh) plan, but only if federal Form 4972 is not used. Do not include that part of your payment that was derived from contributions made after you retired;
- periodic distributions of benefits from a cafeteria plan (IRC section 125) or a qualified cash or deferred profit-sharing or stock bonus plan (IRC section 401(k)), but not distributions derived from contributions made after you retired.
Beneficiaries - If you received a decedent's pension and annuity income, you may make this subtraction if the decedent would have been entitled to it, had the decedent continued to live, regardless of your age. If the decedent would have become 59 and one-half years old during 2013, enter only the amount received after the decedent would have become 59 and one half, but not more than $20,000.
In addition, the pension and annuity income exclusion of the decedent that you are eligible to claim as a beneficiary must first be reduced by the amount subtracted on the decedent's New York State personal income tax return, if any. The total pension and annuity income exclusion claimed by the decedent and the decedent's beneficiaries cannot exceed $20,000.
If the decedent has more than one beneficiary, the decedent's $20,000 pension and annuity income exclusion must be allocated among the beneficiaries. Each beneficiary's share of the $20,000 exclusion is determined by multiplying $20,000 by a fraction whose numerator is the value of the pensions and annuities inherited by the beneficiary, and whose denominator is the total value inherited by all beneficiaries of the decedent's pensions and annuities.
Example: A taxpayer received pension and annuity income totaling $6,000 as a beneficiary of a decedent who was 59 and one half before January 1, 2013. The decedent's total pension and annuity income was $24,000, shared equally among four beneficiaries. Each beneficiary is entitled to one-quarter of the decedent's pension exclusion, or $5,000 ($20,000 divided by 4). The taxpayer also received a qualifying pension and annuity payment of $14,000 in 2013. The taxpayer is entitled to claim a pension and annuity income exclusion of $19,000 ($14,000 attributable to the taxpayer's own pension and annuity payment, plus $5,000 received as a beneficiary).
The total amount of the taxpayer's pension and annuity income exclusion that can be applied against the taxpayer's pension and annuity income received as a beneficiary is limited to the taxpayer's share of the decedent's pension and annuity income exclusion.
- is approved by the New York State Superintendent of Insurance under Insurance Law section 1117 (g); and
- is a qualified long-term care insurance contract under Internal Revenue Code (IRC) section 7702B. (Note that section 7702B relates to policies for which a federal itemized deduction is allowed.)
- is a group contract delivered or issued for delivery outside New York State; and
- the group contract is a qualified long-term care insurance contract under IRC section 7702B. The premiums paid for this insurance qualify for the credit even if the policy is not approved by the New York State Superintendent of Insurance.
A qualified long-term care insurance contract under IRC section 7702B is an insurance contract that provides only coverage of qualified long‑term care services. The contract must
- be guaranteed renewable;
- not provide for cash surrender value or other money that can be paid, assigned, pledged, or borrowed;
- provide that refunds, other than refunds on the death of the insured or complete surrender or cancellation of the contract, and dividends under the contract must be used only to reduce future premiums or increase future benefits; and
- generally not pay or reimburse expenses incurred for services or items that would be reimbursed under Medicare, except where Medicare is a secondary payer, or the contract makes per diem or other periodic payments without regard to expenses.
The insurance company that issued your policy should be able to tell you if the policy qualifies under IRC section 7702B.
This credit is not refundable. If the amount of credit exceeds the taxpayer's tax for the year, the excess may be carried over to the following year or years.
However, tenants, subtenants, roomers, or boarders are not members of your household unless they are related to you in one of the following ways:
- A son, daughter, or a descendant of either
- A stepson or stepdaughter
- A brother, sister, stepbrother, or stepsister
- A father, mother, or an ancestor of either
- A stepfather or stepmother
- A niece or nephew
- An aunt or uncle
- A son-in-law, daughter-in-law, father-in-law, mother-in-law, brother-in-law, or sister-in-law
- The funds are used for purposes other than the higher education of the designated beneficiary
- The distribution is actually disbursed in cash or in-kind from the qualified state tuition program, even if the amount withdrawn is reinvested in the College Choice Tuition Savings Program within the Internal Revenue Code 60-day rollover period
- On or after January 1, 2003, the funds were transferred from the New York State College Choice Tuition Savings Program to another state's program.
However, nonqualified withdrawals do not include any withdrawals made in tax year 2013 as a result of the death or disability of the designated beneficiary, regardless of how the funds are used. If you do have a nonqualified distribution, use the worksheet in the New York IT-201 instructions to determine the taxable amount. The taxable amount basically takes your nonqualified withdrawal and reduces the taxable amount by any contributions you made in previous years to the program.
Transfers between accounts of family members not disbursed in cash or in-kind within the New York State College Choice Tuition Savings Program are not considered distributions and are therefore not required to be added back as nonqualified withdrawals.
For further instructions on how to calculate the addition, use this worksheet.
If the pension or distribution amount was included in your federal AGI, enter any pension you received, or distributions made to you from a pension plan which represents a return of contributions in a year prior to retirement, as an officer, employee, or beneficiary of an officer or employee of:
- NYS, including State and City University of New York and NYS Education Department employees who belong to the Optional Retirement Program. Optional Retirement Program members may only subtract that portion attributable to employment with the State or City University of New York or the NYS Education Department.
Certain public authorities, including:
- Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA) Police 20-Year Retirement Program
- Manhattan and Bronx Surface Transit Operating Authority (MABSTOA)
- Long Island Railroad Company.
Local governments within the state, including:
- NYS Teachers' Retirement System
- NYC Teachers' Retirement System
- NYC Teachers' Retirement IRC 403(b) plan
- International Union of Operating Engineers Local 891 Annuity Fund (Department of Education of the NYC School District)
- NYC Superior Officers' Council Annuity Trust Fund
- NYC Correction Captains' Association Annuity Fund
- NYC Detectives' Endowment Association Annuity Fund
- City University of New York Civil Service Forum Annuity Fund
- NYC variable supplemental funds (VSF), including:
- Transit Police Officers' VSF
- Transit Police Superior Officers' VSF
- Housing Police Officers' VSF
- Housing Police Superior Officers' VSF
- Police Officers' VSF
- Police Superior Officers' VSF
- Firefighters' VSF
- Fire Officers' VSF
- Corrections Officers' VSF
- Corrections Captain and Above VSF
You may not subtract the following:
- Pension payments or return of contributions that were attributable to your employment by an employer other than a New York public employer, such as a private university, and any portion attributable to contributions you made to a supplemental annuity plan which was funded through a salary reduction program.
- Periodic distributions from government (IRC section 457) deferred compensation plans. However, these payments and distributions may qualify for the pension and annuity income exclusion described in the instructions for line 29 below.
If you don't itemize your federal deductions, you will automatically be assigned the credit instead of the deduction.
An institution of higher education includes any institution of higher education or business, trade, technical, or other occupational school located in or outside of New York State. The institution must be recognized and approved by either the regents of the University of New York or a nationally recognized accrediting agency or association accepted by the regents. In addition, the institution or school must provide a course of study leading to the granting of a post-secondary degree, certificate, or diploma.
Payments on behalf of an eligible student from a qualified state tuition program (such as New York's 529 College Savings Program) are considered qualified college tuition expenses. If you claim the student as a dependent, these payments are treated as paid by you. Generally, qualified college tuition expenses paid on behalf of an eligible student by someone other than the student (such as a relative) are treated as paid by the student. However, if the eligible student is claimed as a dependent on another person's New York State income tax return, only the person who claims the student as a dependent for income tax purposes may claim the credit or deduction for college tuition expenses that were paid (or treated as paid) by the student. This is the case even if the expenses were paid from the student's earnings, gifts, inheritances, or savings
Qualified tuition expenses do not include:
- Tuition paid through the receipt of scholarships or financial aid (For this purpose, financial aid does not include student loans, other loans, and grants that must be repaid either before or after the student ceases attending school.)
- Amounts paid for room and board, insurance, medical expenses (including student health fees), transportation, or other similar personal, living, or family expenses
- Fees for course-related books, supplies, equipment, and nonacademic activities, even if the fees are required to be paid as a condition of enrollment or attendance